Bowel obstruction, inflammatory bowel diseases, volvulus, organomegaly, pneumoperitoneum, tumor and ascites
The diaphragm, abdomen
Patient may be in sitting or standing position
Arms should be abducted from the torso.
Make sure there is no rotation of torso.
Ensure that there are no artifacts such as metallic button, zips etc.
Center the mid sagittal plane of the patient to the midline of the IR.
Size: 14’’x17’’ Orientation: Portrait
Central ray is directed to the mid sagittal plane at the level of iliac crest and perpendicular to IR.
Suspended on expiration
Superior to the diaphragm, inferior include as much as possible and laterally to the abdominal wall