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Epilepsy Signs and causes
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Radiologymantra

Epilepsy

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder. Anyone may develop epilepsy but it is more common in young children and older adults. It happens slightly

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11-13-week antenatal scan
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Radiologymantra

11-13-week antenatal scan

11-13-week antenatal scan 11-13-week antenatal scan 11-13-week antenatal scan (Nuchal translucency) scan is considered a routine scan advised for the well-being of fetal as well

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Miscarriage
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Radiologymantra

Miscarriage

Miscarriage What is a miscarriage? A miscarriage or we can say a spontaneous abortion. A miscarriage is defined as the loss of the fetus before

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Ectopic pregnancy
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Radiologymantra

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy What is an ectopic pregnancy? The normal pregnancy begins with the process of fertilization. After the fertilization, the fertilized egg travels to the

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Ovarian cyst
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Radiologymantra

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cysts To know what an ovarian cyst is the first thing you need to know that what ovaries are and what cysts are so

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ovarian cyst
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Radiologymantra

1 2 3 rule (ovary)

1-2-3 Rule (Ovary) The 1-2-3 rule is a simple aide-mémoire that describes the nomenclature of any small simple anechoic structure in the ovary on ultrasound: <1 cm = follicle 1-2 cm

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Endometriosis
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Radiologymantra

Endometriosis

Endometriosis Endometriosis – It is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue (both glands and stroma) outside the uterus i.e. sites other than uterine

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Dysmenorrhea
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Radiologymantra

Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea- means the menstrual cramps, painful periods. These cramps usually occur just before or during periods. In some cases, this can cause discomfort that

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Abbreviations
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Radiologymantra

Medical Abbreviations

A-Z Medical Abbreviations A A- accommodation; acetum; angström unit; anode; anterior a- artery a- before A2- aortic second sound aa- of each; arteries AAA- abdominal aortic aneurysm abd- abdominal/abdomen ABG- arterial blood

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Brain metastases
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Radiologymantra

Brain Metastases

Brain Metastases When cancer cells spread from their original site to the brain the brain metastases occur. Any cancer can grow in the brain, but

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AXI DWI ADC
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Radiologymantra

Brain metastases

Brain metastases Procedure: MRI brain Brain metastases are a medical condition in which cancer cells spread from the original site to the brain. In approx.

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Pituitary adenoma
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Radiologymantra

Pituitary adenoma

Pituitary Adenoma Pituitary Adenoma Introduction The abnormal growth that occurs in the pituitary gland are classified as pituitary adenoma. Some of these pituitary adenomas can

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T1 SAGITTAL POST CONTRAST
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Radiologymantra

Finding- pituitary adenoma

Finding- pituitary adenoma Pituitary adenomas are tumors that develop in the pituitary gland.  Etiology: Unknown. Clinical presentation: hormonal imbalances, visual disturbances. Microadenomas – less than

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Mri brain
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Radiologymantra

MRI brain protocol and sequence

MRI brain protocol and sequence MRI brain in the latest and advanced computer-based cross-sectional imaging modality provides both anatomical and physiological information of the brain.

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Prostate cancer
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Radiologymantra

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland that is present in men, the function of the prostate is to produce the seminal fluid

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Nuclear physics
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Radiologymantra

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Physics Nuclear physics: Nuclear physics is that part of the physics that deals with the study of the building blocks and interactions of atomic

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Metastatic breast cancer
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Radiologymantra

Metastatic breast cancer

Metastatic Breast Cancer Metastatic breast cancer is another name of stage IV breast cancer that has spread to the other parts of the body like

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SDH
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Radiologymantra

Subdural Hematoma

Subdural hematoma What is a subdural hematoma? A subdural hematoma is commonly a result of a brain trauma or head injury in which the blood

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Osteoporosis
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Radiologymantra

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Osteoporosis definition Osteoporosis refers to a medical condition that affects the bone. This condition cause bones to become weak and fragile and so fragile

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neil virus
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Radiologymantra

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus What is West Nile Virus? A mosquito-transmitted virus can cause the most cases of West Nile infection. Most of the people that

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Pulmonary embolism
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Radiologymantra

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism What is a pulmonary embolism? Pulmonary embolism refers to a condition where the blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries occurs. The most

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PCOS
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Radiologymantra

PCOS- Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome

PCOS- Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder frequent amongst women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS could have

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Skull Fracture
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Radiologymantra

Skull Fracture

Skull Fracture What is skull fracture? A skull fracture refers to a break in the cranial bone, also known as skull. The skull fractures are

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Heart attack
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Radiologymantra

Heart Attack

Heart Attack A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to the heart is blocked. This blockage is most likely to a build-up of fat,

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CT Scan
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Radiologymantra

Contrast-Induced Emergencies

Contrast-Induced Emergencies Emergencies in the radiology department Contrast-induced emergencies Contrast media Contrast media are the substances used to enhance the image of internal anatomical structures

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mri-scan
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Radiologymantra

MRI Safety-Related Emergency

MRI Safety-Related Emergency MRI is a medical imaging unit that uses a strong magnetic field and RF pulse to produce images of internal anatomical structures.

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Maturation cystourethrography
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Radiologymantra

Micturating Cystourethrogram

Micturating Cysto-Urethrogram (MCU) Introduction MCU is defined as a study of the lower urinary tract in which contrast is injected into the urinary bladder with

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Cardiac arrest
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Radiologymantra

Cardiac arrest

Cardiac Arrest What is cardiac arrest? Cardiac arrest is defined as the sudden loss of blood flow normally due to heart failure of the contract

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Kidney stones
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Radiologymantra

Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones What are kidney stones? Kidney stones are also called renal calculi, which are the solid mass made up of calcium, minerals, and salts

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Neurocysticercosis
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Radiologymantra

Neurocysticercosis

Neurocysticercosis What is neurocysticercosis? Neurocysticercosis is a type of neurological infection that is caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. Neurocysticercosis is the most common

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Bronchitis
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Radiologymantra

Bronchitis

Bronchitis Bronchitis definition Bronchitis occurs when the bronchial tubes (tubes that bring air to your lungs) gets inflamed and swollen. Bronchitis may result in having

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Anatomical terminologies
Anatomical terminologies:
Radiologymantra

Anatomical terminologies

Anatomical terminologies Anatomical terminologies: Anterior: front of the body Posterior: the back of the body Superior: towards the top Inferior: towards the back Medial: Towards

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Stroke
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Radiologymantra

Stroke

STROKE What is stroke? A stroke is a neurological medical emergency occurs due to reduced or interrupted blood supply to your brain, or when a

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Glioma
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Radiologymantra

Glioma

Glioma What is glioma? A glioma is a type of tumor that happen in brain or spine. Glioma arise from the glial in the brain.

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Rheumatoid arthritis image
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Radiologymantra

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis What is Rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that may cause pain in joints and damage to whole body.

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hysterosalpingography
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Radiologymantra

hysterosalpingography

Hysterosalpingography Hysterosalpingography: hystero means uterus, salpingo means fallopian tube and graphy means study. Hysterosalpingography is the study of uterus and fallopian tube under guidance of

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Angiography
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Radiologymantra

Angiography

What is angiography? Angiography is the study of blood vessels by using x-rays. Angiography is an imaging procedure that uses x-rays to see any blocking,

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Fracture
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Radiologymantra

Fracture

What is a fracture? Fracture definition A fracture is a medical condition where the continuity of a bone is broken or you can say a

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PET Scan
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Radiologymantra

PET Scan

PET Scan What is PET scan? PET scan definition The positron emission tomography (PET) is an imaging test that uses radioactive drugs (traces) to gives

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Radiation
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Radiologymantra

Radiation

Radiation Radiation definition: Radiation is defined as a transmission or emission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a

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Breast cancer
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Radiologymantra

Breast cancer

Breast Cancer What is Breast cancer ??? Breast cancer is that cancer which if formed by the cells of the breast. The breast cancer is

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Chest X-ray normal
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Radiologymantra

X-ray chest normal

How to read a normal chest X-ray ??? X-ray chest normal Chest x-ray or chest radiograph is the study of chest by imaging technology. The

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