Epilepsy

Epilepsy Signs and causes

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder. Anyone may develop epilepsy but it is more common in young children and older adults. It happens slightly more in males than females. For epilepsy, there is no cure but the medications and other strategies help you to manage the disorder. What are the symptoms of epilepsy? Usually, […]

11-13-week antenatal scan

11-13-week antenatal scan

11-13-week antenatal scan 11-13-week antenatal scan 11-13-week antenatal scan (Nuchal translucency) scan is considered a routine scan advised for the well-being of fetal as well as for early pregnancy screening. What does it include? It is highly dependent on the operator and includes multiple components. Traditionally three factors are used to calculate the risk of […]

Miscarriage

Miscarriage

Miscarriage What is a miscarriage? A miscarriage or we can say a spontaneous abortion. A miscarriage is defined as the loss of the fetus before weeks of pregnancy. It usually happens during the first trimester (the first three months of pregnancy). There are various medical reasons for miscarriages, many of these are not in control […]

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy What is an ectopic pregnancy? The normal pregnancy begins with the process of fertilization. After the fertilization, the fertilized egg travels to the uterus to attach itself to the lining of the uterus. The ectopic pregnancy is the case when the fertilized egg doesn’t attach to the uterus, it may attach to the […]

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cysts To know what an ovarian cyst is the first thing you need to know that what ovaries are and what cysts are so the ovary is an organ of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries are present on both sides of the uterus. Generally, the ovaries are two in numbers. Cysts […]

1 2 3 rule (ovary)

ovarian cyst

1-2-3 Rule (Ovary) The 1-2-3 rule is a simple aide-mémoire that describes the nomenclature of any small simple anechoic structure in the ovary on ultrasound: <1 cm = follicle 1-2 cm = dominant follicle >3 = cyst Dominant Follicle Simple cyst

Endometriosis

Endometriosis

Endometriosis Endometriosis – It is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue (both glands and stroma) outside the uterus i.e. sites other than uterine mucosa.  Sites of endometriosis:  Ovary  POD  Uterosacral region Rectovaginal septum  Sigmoid colon Abdominal scar following hysterectomy Remote sites- Pleura, lungs, deep tissues of arms and thighs Types of endometriosis: Ovarian […]

Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea- means the menstrual cramps, painful periods. These cramps usually occur just before or during periods. In some cases, this can cause discomfort that is merely annoying, while in other cases menstrual cramps are severe enough to interfere with day today activities for a few days in each month. Menstrual cramps typically caused by […]

Medical Abbreviations

Abbreviations

A-Z Medical Abbreviations A A- accommodation; acetum; angström unit; anode; anterior a- artery a- before A2- aortic second sound aa- of each; arteries AAA- abdominal aortic aneurysm abd- abdominal/abdomen ABG- arterial blood gas ABI- ankle-brachial index ABO- three basic blood groups AC- adrenal cortex; air conduction; alternating current; axiocervical a.c., ac- before a meal acc.- accommodation A/CA- accommodative/convergence accommodation ratio ACE- angiotensin-converting enzyme Ach- acetylcholine AChE- acetylcholinesterase AChR- acetylcholine receptor ACLS- advanced cardiac […]

Brain Metastases

Brain metastases

Brain Metastases When cancer cells spread from their original site to the brain the brain metastases occur. Any cancer can grow in the brain, but mostly brain metastases causing cancers are lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, kidney cancer, and melanoma. Brain metastases are also known as secondary brain tumors, occur in 10-30 percent of […]