A fracture is a medical condition where the continuity of a bone is broken or you can say a fracture is a broken bone. A fracture can be a thin crack to a complete break of bone.
The main cause of a fracture is stress or force applied to a bone.
Incomplete fracture: In this type of fracture a bone is cracked but do not completely break. The incomplete fracture includes:
When a bone break due to an underlying disease not by injury. Some medical conditions weaken your bones, which tends to a bone break by everyday things like coughing, bending etc.
You can experience a fracture at any age. But the people more likely to have a fracture includes:
Previous fracture: previous fractures of vertebrae (spine) have a double risk of a fracture. These spine fractures occur slowly generally without pain.
Old age: With the increase in age our skeletal system exhibits physiologic changes. This may result in increase in some medical conditions like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
Have osteoporosis: If you have osteoporosis then the rate of having a fracture increase.
Drink alcohol: Drinking alcohol in excess amount can have a bad impact on the bones and mass.
Smoking: Smoking has an impact on the hormonal levels that is why smoking is a risk factor for fracture.
Taking Steroids: Steroids are prescribed to treat chronic inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The need of increase the dose of steroids can frequently cause bone loss and fracture. The side effects of steroid dose are directly related to the increase the loss of calcium through the urine, absorption of the calcium through the gastrointestinal tract.
Rheumatoid arthritis: This condition results in the severe joint and bone loss.
Diabetes: Those who have diabetes have low bone density so the risk of fracture also increases.
The symptoms are based on which bone is affected, the age of the patient, and how severe the injury is:
If you develop a fracture you need to go for immediate medical attention. Your doctor sends you to radiology department fir taking x-rays and other diagnosis tests.
The fractures are diagnosed in x-rays. X-rays are the most common method to diagnose a fracture, but in some cases your doctor may get you a CT or MRI scan depending in the injury. X-rays produce the image of your bones and revels a fracture or other damages. You can find the type and location of the fracture with the help of x-rays.
The fracture needs an immediate medical attention.
A bone can heal itself; your doctor will put the broken parts into their proper position and make them stable as they heal. It is necessary to keep broken pieces of bone immobile until they are fixed. During healing a new bone form around the edge of the broken parts. If the broken pieces are properly aligned and stabilized, the new bone will connect to the pieces of broken bone.
Your doctor may use a cast for stabilizing your broken bone. The cast is more likely to made up from the plaster or fiberglass. It is important because it prevents the movement of the injured area while they are healing.
For more complex or compound fractures you may need a surgery. These fractures are fixed by using screws, metal plates or both. The doctors first reposition the pieces of broken bone into normal form in and open reduction and internal fixation. or in some cases the fracture is treated by inserting the rods.
In external fixation, the doctor will put screws or pins into the bone upper and lower the fracture site.
Your doctor may also prescribe some medications like pain killer, infection control and some physical therapies.
Not all the fractures can be prevented. But you can prevent them from keeping your bones strong so they will have a less damage. It is important to take a nutritious diet to maintain your bone strength, which includes food rich in calcium and vitamin D. Regular exercise is also important these include walking, dancing, running, hiking, weight bearing and weight training.