A glioma is a type of tumor that happen in brain or spine. Glioma arise from the glial in the brain. The function of these glial cells is to surround the nerve cells and help them function. Gliomas usually occurs in the cerebral hemisphere of the brain.
Glioma can be produced by three types of glial cells. Gliomas are classified on the basis of
Glioma can only make up only about one third of the brain tumor.
A glioma can influence your brain functioning and be life threatening, it depends upon its area and rate of development.
Gliomas are one of the most widely recognized sorts of essential cerebrum tumors.
The kind of glioma you have decides your treatment and your prognosis. Generally, the treatments include medical procedure, radiation treatment, chemotherapy, directed treatment and exploratory clinical preliminaries.
Symptoms of glioma may vary according to the size, location and rate of growth.
Common symptoms of glioma include:
Exact cause of glioma is not known, like most of the brain tumors. However, there are some factors that may increase the risk of a brain tumor.
Your age: The risk of developing a brain tumor increases with the age. Gliomas are most common in the people of age between 45 to 65. Although, a brain tumor can develop at any age.
Radiation exposure: If you have been exposed to ionizing radiation than the risk of developing a brain tumor may increase. Example of ionizing radiation are radiation therapy used to treat malignancy and radiation exposure caused by nuclear bombs. More-normal types of radiation, for example, electromagnetic radiation from electrical cables and radiofrequency radiation from microwaves have not been appeared to expand the danger of glioma.
Family history of glioma: If any of your family member ever had glioma than your risk of developing glioma is double.
If your health care provider suspects you have a brain tumor, they may refer you to a specialist (neurologist). Your health care provider may advise you some tests and procedures. These procedures may include:
Treatment of glioma depends upon the size, type, grade and location of the tumor as well as age of the patient, overall health and preference.
Before the removal of the tumor, the treatment includes the requirement of drugs to reduce the signs and symptoms of the tumor.
Surgery: The removal of the tumor, in some cases it is not much complicated to separate small sized glioma from surrounding healthy tissue of brain. In these cases, complete surgical removal of glioma is possible. But, in other cases the tumor can’t be separated from surrounding tissues, this can be complicated. In these situations, you surgeon removes as much of the tumor as is safe.
Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy the tumor cells killed by using drugs. Chemotherapy drug can be injected into your vein (intravenously) or taken in pill form (orally). Chemotherapy is usually combined with radiation therapy for the treatment of glioma.
Targeted drug therapy: Drugs are given to block the abnormalities; targeted drug therapy can cause tumor cells to die.