History Of Radiology

What is Radiology?

Radiology is defined as the study of the internal anatomical structure by using radiation. In the medical field, radiology refers to the department in which your disease is diagnosed and treated by using radiation. These include diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine, interventional radiology, and radiotherapy. The common imaging modalities are x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, positron emission tomography (PET) scan, and fluoroscopy.

Radiology has been instrumental in the determination and treatment of an assortment of conditions, for example, fracture of bones, tumors, and cancers, cerebrum injury, coagulated arteries, strokes, ligament, and muscle harm, pneumonic conditions, spinal issues, and a whole lot more.

History of Radiology

Radiology has been around for longer than a century. Everything began when Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen found X-beams on 8th Nov 1895. In the wake of working for a considerable length of time in his lab probing the creation of ‘strange rays’, which he alluded to as ‘X’, he asked his wife, Anna Bertha, to loan ‘a hand’, the left one to be exact, which he used to deliver the first X-ray picture. This is currently known as ‘Hand Mit Ringen’. Allegedly she shouted in dread ‘I have seen my demise!’ in the wake of seeing the image. He got his first noble prize in physics after this discovery in 1901.

History of Radiology

1895

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen found x-rays

Wilhelm Conrad
First X-ray

1896

Antoine Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity

Henri Becquerel

1896

Sydney Rowland establish the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy

Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy

1896

Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope after learning about the discovery of X-rays

Thomas Edison

1896

John Macintyre opened the world’s first radiology department in Glasgow

John_Macintyre
World First Radiology Departemnt

1898

Marie Curie published her paper ‘Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds’

Marie-Curie
Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'

1901

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen got Noble prize for discovering x-rays.

Nobel Prize

1909

Mónico Sánchez Moreno invented first portable x-ray machine.

Monico Sanchez Moreno
first portable x-ray machine.

1913

Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography

Albert Salomon commences

1913

William Coolidge launched his eponymous X-ray tube

William Coolidge
Coolidge xray tube

1927

Egas Moniz developed cerebral angiography

Egas Moniz

1934

Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie produced radioisotopes artificially

Frederic and Irene Joliot
Artificial radioisotopes

1936

John Lawrence used phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia

John Lawrence

1939

Kitty Clark published Clark’s Positioning in Radiography

Kitty Clark
C-Lark's Radiography book

1950s

David Kuhl invented Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

David Kuhl

Late 1950s

Robert Egan introduced mammography screening for the first time.

Egan
Mammography

1953

Sven-Ivar Seldinger developed his famous technique

Sven-Ivar Seldinger

1957

Ian Donald developed fetal ultrasound

Ian Donald
Fetel USG

1964

Charles Dotter introduced image-guided intervention radiography

Charles Dotter
Interventional Radiology

1965

Benjamin Felson published his Principles of Chest Roentgenology

Benjamin Felson
Principles of Chest Roentgenology

1971

Godfrey Hounsfield introduced the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)

Godfrey hounsfield
1st CT scan

1973

Paul Lauterbur developed a way to generate two-dimensional and three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He also published the first nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in this year.

Paul Lauterbur

1977

Ray Damadian build the first commercial MRI scanner

Ray Damadian
mri-scan

1983

Phosphor stimulated radiography system first used clinically.

1989

Spiral CT introduced

1990

The first direct radiography (DR) system was introduced which was CCD slot-scan system.